Zero Mass Water: SOURCE

Founded in 2014, Zero Mass Water designed a sustainable water creation technology called SOURCE: a Hydropanel that uses sunlight to convert air to water. SOURCE has the potential to meet the drinking water needs of the more than seven billion people on the planet. Using thermodynamics, materials science, and controls technology, SOURCE can bring high quality water to homes, schools, offices and communities in virtually any environment on the planet, changing how all people experience their drinking water.

Water is our most valuable resource, yet 2.1 billion people lack access to clean drinking water due to contributing factors such as drought, contamination, natural disasters and over population. Inadequate sanitation in water sources also affects 2.4 billion people globally, and as a result, these people are exposed to various diseases, such as cholera and typhoid fever. Two million people, mostly children, die each year from water-borne diseases alone.

The Problem

Many of the water systems that supply our drinking water needs—rivers lakes and aquifers—are drying up or becoming too polluted to use. More than half the world’s wetlands have disappeared due to land-use changes such as urban development and agriculture. Climate change is a compounding factor to the water crisis, causing shortages and droughts in various regions around the world. The water crisis is no longer a future issue, this is something we are facing today. Under the current consumption rate, by 2025, two-thirds of the world’s population may face water shortages. And ecosystems around the world will suffer even more.

The Solution

Many of the issues driving water scarcity and clean water access—drought, natural disasters, and contamination—are driven by climate change and overpopulation. With a commitment to sustainability and to solve the water crisis, Zero Mass Water has developed a solution that avoids greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change, and provides clean drinking water that does not rely on already stressed ecosystems. Using renewable energy technology, SOURCE takes sunlight and air to make abundant, clean water.

How it Works

SOURCE Hydropanels create drinking water simply from sunlight and air through a combination of thermodynamics, materials science and controls technology. SOURCE uses solar energy to raise the dewpoint inside the Hydropanels, which drives condensation and produces water. The Hydropanels filter the air before it passes through the system and water is kept clean inside a 30L reservoir via ozonation for optimal taste and health. Water is then mineralized with calcium and magnesium and delivered through a tap system installed at indoor and outdoor dispensaries, depending on where it is installed/the specific location needs and uses (office, school, home, etc.). Each Hydropanel averages 90-150 liters each month or the equivalent of 180-300 16.9oz standard water bottles, depending on sunshine and humidity. While water production can vary depending on weather, SOURCE technology can even produce water in low to medium sun and humidity, making it suitable for even some of the most arid deserts in the world or in cloud cover. As the technology is off-grid, SOURCE Hydropanels make high-quality drinking water without connecting to external power and is quality controlled through a global mesh network and can be monitored through an App on a mobile phone.


  • To bring clean and high quality drinking water to each person on the planet.
  • To solve the crisis of water access, quality, and security.
  • To make drinking water an unlimited resource.

Impacts to Date

  • Implemented hydropanels in over 35 countries around the world across six continents.
  • Established partnerships such as the Caribbean Climate Smart Accelerator, IDB, and Conservation International, which have allowed SOURCE technology to be brought to diverse communities around the world.
  • Offsetting the use of more than 2 million single-use plastics and other expensive filtration systems that turn dirty water into clean water, reducing water costs overall.
  • SOURCE’s off-grid, renewable energy design and ability to deliver clean, high quality and safe drinking water have had a wide range of environmental, social and health impacts, including: addressing water scarcity and access, water contamination, elimination of the use of fossil fuels and water-born illnesses.


  • New technologies require a fair amount of education: education about the issue, how the technology works, and how to run and operate it.
  • In the beginning phases of the company, a lot of work was done to provide evidence that how the technology actually works.
  • Training local partners and implementing the technology in a wide range of environments requires lots of logistics, preparation and resources, particularly for remote regions.

Next Steps

  • Continue to create communities of scale.
  • Build more key and strategic partnerships to expand the technology and bring it to more communities around the world.

For More Information


Watch and

 This information was based on an interview conducted with Kaitlyn Fitzgerald of Zero Mass Water.

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